What Causes Stubborn Dark Spots and How to Remove Them for Good

Are you noticing more dark spots on your skin?


If so, you're not alone. These blemishes are common and everybody has them.


Dark spots, also known as hyperpigmentation, are skin discolorations that can occur on any part of the body. They can affect anyone, regardless of age or skin type.


While they may be unsightly, dark spots are not typically harmful. However, it is important to understand the causes of dark spots in order to best treat them so you always look your best even without layers of foundation and concealer.


If you want to learn what causes these dark patches that you can’t seem to wipe off, read on. At the end, we also offer you the best solution for removing them. 


The Science of Dark Spots: Why Are These Polka Dots All Over Your Skin?

what causes hyperpigmentation

1. The underlying cause of dark spots is an increase in melanin production. Melanin is the pigment that gives skin its color. When it is overproduced and accumulated in certain areas, dark patches or spots form on the skin.

what are dark spots

2. Sun exposure is one of the most common causes of dark spots. The sun's ultraviolet radiation can damage the skin cells called melanocytes, which are the cells responsible for producing melanin. When these cells are damaged, they produce too much melanin, which leads to the development of dark spots. Sun exposure can make already existing dark spots darker and also worsen melasma, a condition that causes brown patches on the skin.

what causes dark spots on face

3. Acne is another cause of dark spots. Acne scars are often caused by inflamed blemishes that rupture the follicle wall. This leads to inflammation and the release of enzymes that break down collagen and elastin in the skin. The resulting scar tissue is less elastic than normal skin, which can lead to discoloration. When acne lesions heal, they leave behind brown or black marks on the face.


what causes hyperpigmentation

4. Dark spots also appear because of aging. These black and brown patches in older skin, often called age spots or liver spots, are caused by a combination of factors, including sun exposure and the natural aging process. As we get older, our skin becomes less elastic and more prone to wrinkles and blemishes. Dead skin cells don't shed as quickly, so they accumulate on the surface, making your complexion look dark and dull. The pigment in the skin changes over time and melanin production increases with age, forming dark spots.

what are dark spots

5. Other causes of dark spots include hormonal changes, such as those that occur during pregnancy or menopause. Estrogen is known to stimulate the production of melanin, which can lead to an overproduction and accumulation of pigment. This can cause dark spots to form on the skin. Other hormones such as testosterone and progesterone may also contribute to this condition. These hormones are known to regulate melanin production, so changes in their levels may lead to an increase in dark spots.

what causes dark spots on face

6. Dark spots will appear as a result of skin injuries, such as scars, scrapes, or burns. This is called post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. When your skin is injured, it causes an inflammation in the area that kills skin cells and creates a dark spot. Scarring also means that your skin has been damaged and has healed improperly. This will make the area around the scar darker than the rest of your skin. 

what causes hyperpigmentation

7. Dark spots can be the adverse effect of certain medications. Many drugs have the potential to cause dark spots, but the most common offenders are antibiotics, antiepileptics, and antihypertensives. These medications work by inhibiting different enzymes in the body that can lead to a build-up of melanin, which gives the skin a darker color. The most commonly affected areas are the hands, feet, and face.

what are dark spots

8. There are many different skin conditions that result to dark spots. Some of the most common skin problems that cause dark spots include eczema, and psoriasis. Eczema is a skin condition that can cause a person's skin to become dry, cracked, itchy, and inflamed. The skin develops dark spots due to the inflammation. Psoriasis, on the other hand, is a chronic skin condition that leads to scaly skin patches. These turn into dark spots after healing because of the post-production of melanin.

what causes dark spots on face

Restore Even-toned Skin: Dark Spots No More!


Whatever the cause of your dark spots may be, you don’t have to endure them any longer.


If you are looking for an easy, quick, and effective way to remove hyperpigmentation and blemishes from your skin, the EnaSkin Dark Spot Corrector is the answer.

EnaSkin Dark Spot Corrector

The EnaSkin Dark Spot Corrector is designed to eliminate the appearance of dark spots and other skin discolorations. It works by penetrating deep into the skin to break up the pigmentation that’s responsible for these blemishes.


It has great ingredients like Kojic Acid, Lactic Acid, Salicylic Acid, and Morinda Citrifolia extract that not only whitens the skin, but also exfoliates it and keeps it moisturized.


Just regularly use the serum twice a day, once in the morning and once in the evening, and you will see your dark spots fade in just a few weeks. It’s effective and a hundred times more affordable than a skin lightening treatment.

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